E1000.TXT Driver File Contents (PRO1000.zip)

Linux* Base Driver for the Intel(R) PRO/1000 Family of Adapters
===============================================================

January 8, 2003


Contents
========

- In This Release
- Supported Adapters
- Building and Installation
- Command Line Parameters
- Speed and Duplex Configuration
- Additional Configurations
- Known Issues
- Support


In This Release
===============

This file describes the Linux* Base Driver for the Intel(R) PRO/1000 Family 
of Adapters, version 5.0.x. This driver is intended for 2.4.x kernels; it is 
known to build properly on 2.4.x kernels through 2.4.18. Intel focused 
testing on Intel architectures running the 2.4.18 kernel. This driver 
includes support for Itanium(TM)-based systems.

This driver is only supported as a loadable module at this time. Intel is not 
supplying patches against the kernel source to allow for static linking of 
the driver. For questions related to hardware requirements, refer to the 
documentation supplied with your Intel PRO/1000 adapter. All hardware 
requirements listed apply to use with Linux.

Native VLANs are now available with supported kernels.


Supported Adapters
==================

The following Intel network adapters are compatible with the drivers in this 
release:

   Controller  Adapter Name                         Board IDs
   ----------  ------------                         ---------

   82542       PRO/1000 Gigabit Server Adapter      700262-xxx, 717037-xxx

   82543       PRO/1000 F Server Adapter            738640-xxx, A38888-xxx

   82543       PRO/1000 T Server Adapter            A19845-xxx, A33948-xxx

   82544       PRO/1000 XT Server Adapter           A51580-xxx

   82544       PRO/1000 XF Server Adapter           A50484-xxx

   82544       PRO/1000 T Desktop Adapter           A62947-xxx

   82540       PRO/1000 MT Desktop Adapter          A78408-xxx
   82541                                            C91016-xxx

   82545       PRO/1000 MT Server Adapter           A92165-xxx

   82546       PRO/1000 MT Dual Port Server Adapter A92111-xxx

   82545       PRO/1000 MF Server Adapter           A91622-xxx

   82545       PRO/1000 MF Server Adapter(LX)       A91624-xxx

   82546       PRO/1000 MF Dual Port Server Adapter A91620-xxx



To verify your Intel adapter is supported, find the board ID number on the 
adapter. Look for a label that has a barcode and a number in the format  
A12345-001. Match this to the list of numbers above.

For more information on how to identify your adapter, go to the Adapter & 
Driver ID Guide at:

    http://support.intel.com/support/network/adapter/pro100/21397.htm

For the latest Intel network drivers for Linux, refer to the following 
website. In the search field, enter your adapter name or type, or use the 
networking link on the left to search for your adapter:

    http://downloadfinder.intel.com/scripts-df/support_intel.asp


Building and Installation
=========================

To build a binary RPM* package of this driver, run 'rpmbuild -tb 
<filename.tar.gz>'. Replace <filename.tar.gz> with the specific filename of 
the driver.

NOTE: For the build to work properly, the currently running kernel MUST match 
      the version and configuration of the installed kernel sources. If you 
      have just recompiled the kernel reboot the system now.

1. Move the base driver tar file to the directory of your choice. For example,
   use /home/username/e1000 or /usr/local/src/e1000.

2. Untar/unzip archive:

     tar zxf e1000-x.x.x.tar.gz

3. Change to the driver src directory:

     cd e1000-x.x.x/src/

4. Compile the driver module:

     make install

   The binary will be installed as:

     /lib/modules/[KERNEL_VERSION]/kernel/drivers/net/e1000.o

   The install locations listed above are the default locations. They might 
   not be correct for certain Linux distributions. For more information, 
   see the ldistrib.txt file included in the driver tar.

5. Install the module:

     insmod e1000 <parameter>=<value>

6. Assign an IP address to the interface by entering the following, where
   x is the interface number:

     ifconfig ethx <IP_address>

7. Verify that the interface works. Enter the following, where <IP_address>
   is the IP address for another machine on the same subnet as the interface 
   that is being tested:

     ping  <IP_address>	


Command Line Parameters
=======================

If the driver is built as a module, the  following optional parameters are 
used by entering them on the command line with the modprobe or insmod command
using this syntax:

     modprobe e1000 [<option>=<VAL1>,<VAL2>,...]

     insmod e1000 [<option>=<VAL1>,<VAL2>,...] 

For example, with two PRO/1000 PCI adapters, entering:

     insmod e1000 TxDescriptors=80,128

loads the e1000 driver with 80 TX resources for the first adapter and 128 TX 
resources for the second adapter.

The default value for each parameter is generally the recommended setting,
unless otherwise noted.

For more information about the AutoNeg, Duplex, and Speed parameters, see the
"Speed and Duplex Configuration" section in this document.


AutoNeg (adapters using copper connections only)
Valid Range: 0x01-0x0F, 0x20-0x2F
Default Value: 0x2F
    This parameter is a bit mask that specifies which speed and duplex
    settings the board advertises. When this parameter is used, the Speed and
    Duplex parameters must not be specified.  

Duplex (adapters using copper connections only)
Valid Range: 0-2 (0=auto-negotiate, 1=half, 2=full)
Default Value: 0
    Defines the direction in which data is allowed to flow. Can by either one 
    or two-directional. If both Duplex and the link partner are set to auto-
    negotiate, the board auto-detects the correct duplex. If the link partner
    is forced (either full or half), Duplex defaults to half-duplex.

FlowControl
Valid Range: 0-3 (0=none, 1=Rx only, 2=Tx only, 3=Rx&Tx)
Default: Read flow control settings from the EEPROM
    This parameter controls the automatic generation(Tx) and response(Rx) to 
    Ethernet PAUSE frames.

InterruptThrottleRate
Valid Range: 100-100000 (0=off, 1=dynamic)
Default Value: 1
    This value represents the maximum number of interrupts per second the 
    controller generates. InterruptThrottleRate is another setting used in 
    interrupt moderation. Dynamic mode uses a heuristic algorithm to adjust 
    InterruptThrottleRate based on the current traffic load.

    NOTE: InterruptThrottleRate takes precedence over the TxAbsIntDelay and 
          RxAbsIntDelay parameters. In other words, minimizing the receive 
          and/or transmit absolute delays does not force the controller to 
          generate more interrupts than what the Interrupt Throttle Rate 
          allows.

RxDescriptors
Valid Range: 80-256 for 82542 and 82543-based adapters
             80-4096 for 82540, 82544, 82545, and 82546-based adapters
Default Value: 256
    This value is the number of receive descriptors allocated by the driver. 
    Increasing this value allows the driver to buffer more incoming packets. 
    Each descriptor is 16 bytes.  A receive buffer is also allocated for each
    descriptor and can be either 2048, 4096, 8192, or 16384 bytes, depending 
    on the MTU setting. The maximum MTU size is 16110.

    NOTE: MTU designates the frame size. It only needs to be set for Jumbo 
          Frames.

RxIntDelay
Valid Range: 0-65535 (0=off)
Default Value: 0
    This value delays the generation of receive interrupts in units of 1.024 
    microseconds.  Receive interrupt reduction can improve CPU efficiency if 
    properly tuned for specific network traffic. Increasing this value adds 
    extra latency to frame reception and can end up decreasing the throughput 
    of TCP traffic. If the system is reporting dropped receives, this value 
    may be set too high, causing the driver to run out of available receive 
    descriptors.

    CAUTION: When setting RxIntDelay to a value other than 0, adapters may 
             hang (stop transmitting) under certain network conditions. If 
             this occurs a NETDEV WATCHDOG message is logged in the system
             event log. In addition, the controller is automatically reset, 
             restoring the network connection. To eliminate the potential for
             the hang ensure that RxIntDelay is set to 0.

RxAbsIntDelay (82540, 82545, and 82546-based adapters only)
Valid Range: 0-65535 (0=off)
Default Value: 128
    This value, in units of 1.024 microseconds, limits the delay in which a 
    transmit interrupt is generated. Useful only if RxIntDelay is non-zero, 
    this value ensures that an interrupt is generated after the initial 
    packet is received within the set amount of time.  Proper tuning,
    along with RxIntDelay, may improve traffic throughput in specific network
    conditions.

Speed (adapters using copper connections only)
Valid Settings: 0, 10, 100, 1000
Default Value: 0 (auto-negotiate at all supported speeds)
    Speed forces the line speed to the specified value in megabits per second
    (Mbps). If this parameter is not specified or is set to 0 and the link 
    partner is set to auto-negotiate, the board will auto-detect the correct 
    speed. Duplex should also be set when Speed is set to either 10 or 100.

TxDescriptors
Valid Range: 80-256 for 82542 and 82543-based adapters
             80-4096 for 82540, 82544, 82545, and 82546-based adapters
Default Value: 256
    This value is the number of transmit descriptors allocated by the driver.
    Increasing this value allows the driver to queue more transmits. Each 
    descriptor is 16 bytes.

TxIntDelay
Valid Range: 0-65535 (0=off)
Default Value: 64
    This value delays the generation of transmit interrupts in units of 
    1.024 microseconds. Transmit interrupt reduction can improve CPU
    efficiency if properly tuned for specific network traffic. If the
    system is reporting dropped transmits, this value may be set too high
    causing the driver to run out of available transmit descriptors.

TxAbsIntDelay (82540, 82545, and 82546-based adapters only)
Valid Range: 0-65535 (0=off)
Default Value: 64
    This value, in units of 1.024 microseconds, limits the delay in which a 
    transmit interrupt is generated. Useful only if TxIntDelay is non-zero, 
    this value ensures that an interrupt is generated after the initial 
    packet is sent on the wire within the set amount of time.  Proper tuning,
    along with TxIntDelay, may improve traffic throughput in specific 
    network conditions.

XsumRX (not available on the 82542-based adapter)
Valid Range: 0-1
Default Value: 1
    A value of '1' indicates that the driver should enable IP checksum
    offload for received packets (both UDP and TCP) to the adapter hardware.


Speed and Duplex Configuration
==============================

Three keywords are used to control the speed and duplex configuration. These 
keywords are Speed, Duplex, and AutoNeg.

If the board uses a fiber interface, these keywords are ignored, and the 
fiber interface board only links at 1000 Mbps full-duplex.

For copper-based boards, the keywords interact as follows:

  The default operation is auto-negotiate. The board advertises all supported
  speed and duplex combinations, and it links at the highest common speed and
  duplex mode IF the link partner is set to auto-negotiate.

  If Speed = 1000, limited auto-negotiation is enabled and only 1000 Mbps is
  advertised (The 1000BaseT spec requires auto-negotiation.)

  If Speed = 10 or 100, then both Speed and Duplex should be set. Auto-
  negotiation is disabled, and the AutoNeg parameter is ignored. Partner SHOULD
  also be forced.

The AutoNeg parameter is used when more control is required over the auto-
negotiation process.  When this parameter is used, Speed and Duplex must not 
be specified.  This parameter is a bitmap that specifies which speed and 
duplex settings are advertised to the link partner.

Bit            7      6      5       4       3      2      1       0
Speed (Mbps)   N/A    N/A    1000    N/A     100    100    10      10
Duplex                       Full            Full   Half   Full    Half

Note that setting AutoNeg does not guarantee that the board will link at the 
highest specified speed or duplex mode, but the board will link at the 
highest possible speed/duplex of the link partner IF the link partner is also
set to auto-negotiate. If the link partner is forced speed/duplex, the 
adapter MUST be forced to the same speed/duplex.


Additional Configurations
=========================

  Configuring the Driver on Different Distributions
  -------------------------------------------------

  Configuring a network driver to load properly when the system is started is
  distribution dependent. Typically, the configuration process involves adding
  an alias line to /etc/modules.conf as well as editing other system startup 
  scripts and/or configuration files. Many popular Linux distributions ship 
  with tools to make these changes for you. To learn the proper way to 
  configure a network device for your system, refer to your distribution 
  documentation. If during this process you are asked for the driver or module 
  name, the name for the Linux Base Driver for the Intel PRO/1000 Family of 
  Adapters is e1000.

  As an example, if you install the e1000 driver for two PRO/1000 adapters 
  (eth0 and eth1) and set the speed and duplex to 10full and 100half, add the 
  following to modules.conf:

       alias eth0 e1000
       alias eth1 e1000
       options e1000 Speed=10,100 Duplex=2,1


  Viewing Link Messages
  ---------------------

  Link messages will not be displayed to the console if the distribution is 
  restricting system messages. In order to see network driver link messages on 
  your console, set dmesg to at least eight by entering the following:

       dmesg -n 8

  NOTE: This setting is not saved across reboots.

  Jumbo Frames
  ------------

  The driver supports Jumbo Frames for all adapters except 82542-based 
  adapters. Jumbo Frames support is enabled by changing the MTU to a value 
  larger than the default of 1500. Use the ifconfig command to increase the 
  MTU size. For example:

        ifconfig ethx mtu 9000 up

  The maximum MTU setting for Jumbo Frames is 16110. This value coincides 
  with the maximum Jumbo Frames size of 16128.

  NOTE: Jumbo Frames are supported at 1000 Mbps only. Using Jumbo Frames at 
  10 or 100 Mbps may result in poor performance or loss of link.


Known Issues
============

NOTE: For distribution-specific information, see the ldistrib.txt file 
      included in the driver tar.

  Driver Compilation
  ------------------

  When trying to compile the driver by running make install, the following
  error may occur: 

      "Linux kernel source not configured - missing version.h"

  To solve this issue, create the version.h file by going to the Linux source 
  tree and entering:

      make include/linux/version.h.


  Jumbo Frames System Requirement
  -------------------------------

  Memory allocation failures have been observed on Linux systems with 64 MB 
  of RAM or less that are running Jumbo Frames. If you are using Jumbo 
  Frames, your system may require more than the advertised minimum 
  requirement of 64 MB of system memory.


  Multiple Interfaces on Same Ethernet Broadcast Network
  ------------------------------------------------------

  Due to the ARP behavior on Linux, it is not possible to have one system on 
  two IP networks in the same Ethernet broadcast domain (non-partitioned 
  switch) behave as expected. All Ethernet interfaces will respond to IP 
  traffic for any IP address assigned to the system. This results in 
  unbalanced receive traffic.

  When this occurs, transmits and receives for a single conversation can be 
  split across different network interfaces. Additionally, the server might 
  have up to twice as much transmit capacity as receive capacity, which can 
  result in the receive side being overrun and dropping receives.

  If you have multiple interfaces in a server, install them in different 
  switches or partition the switch into VLANs to prevent broadcast traffic 
  from going to the wrong interface.  This does not apply when using a teaming
  solution, like ANS.


Support
=======

For general information, go to the Intel support website at:

    http://support.intel.com

If an issue is identified with the released source code on the supported
kernel with a supported adapter, email the specific information related to 
the issue to linux.nics@intel.com.


License
=======

This software program is released under the terms of a license agreement 
between you ('Licensee') and Intel. Do not use or load this software or any 
associated materials (collectively, the 'Software') until you have carefully 
read the full terms and conditions of the LICENSE located in this software 
package. By loading or using the Software, you agree to the terms of this 
Agreement. If you do not agree with the terms of this Agreement, do not 
install or use the Software.

* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.
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