README Driver File Contents (

Linux* Base Driver for the Intel(R) PRO/100 Family of Adapters

August 6, 2002


- In This Release
- Supported Adapters
- Building and Installation
- Command Line Parameters
- CPU Cycle Saver
- Hot Plug
- Additional Configurations
- Troubleshooting
- Support

In This Release

This file describes the Linux* Base Driver for the Intel(R) PRO/100 Family of
Adapters, version 2.1.15. This driver is intended for 2.2.x and 2.4.x kernels;
it is known to build properly on 2.2.x kernels through 2.2.20 and on 2.4.x 
kernels through 2.4.18. Intel focused testing on Intel architectures running 
the 2.4.18 kernel. This driver includes support for Itanium(TM)-based 

NOTE: This driver version contains the final development set for 2.2.x 
      kernels through 2.2.20. Development will continue for 2.4.x kernels and
      future production kernels.

The Intel PRO/100 driver is only supported as a loadable module at this time.
Intel is not supplying patches against the kernel source to allow for static 
linking of the driver. For questions related to hardware requirements, refer 
to the documentation supplied with your Intel PRO/100 adapter.

This release version includes:

   - Additional ethtool functionality, including link status test and EEPROM 
     read/write. A third-party application can use the ethtool interface to 
     get and set driver parameters.

   - Support for Zero copy on 82550-based adapters. This feature provides 
     faster data throughput and significant CPU usage improvement in systems 
     that use the relevant system call (sendfile(2)).

   - Support for large MTU-enabling interface (1504 bytes) with kernel's 
     VLAN module

   - Support for polling on RX

   - Support for Wake On LAN* on 82550 and 82559-based adapters

Supported Adapters

The following Intel network adapters are compatible with the drivers 
in this release:

Controller  Adapter Name                            Board IDs
----------  ------------                            ---------

82558       PRO/100+ PCI Adapter                    668081-xxx, 689661-xxx

82558       PRO/100+ Management Adapter             691334-xxx, 701738-xxx,

82558       PRO/100+ Dual Port Server Adapter       714303-xxx, 711269-xxx, 

82558       PRO/100+ PCI Server Adapter             710550-xxx

82550       PRO/100 S Server Adapter                752438-xxx (82550)
82559                                               A56831-xxx, A10563-xxx,
                                                    A12171-xxx, A12321-xxx, 
                                                    A12320-xxx, A12170-xxx
                                                    748568-xxx (82559)
                                                    748565-xxx (82559)

82550       PRO/100 S Desktop Adapter               751767-xxx (82550)
82559                                               748592-xxx, A12167-xxx, 
                                                    A12318-xxx, A12317-xxx, 
                                                    748569-xxx (82559)

82559       PRO/100+ Server Adapter                 729757-xxx

82559       PRO/100 S Management Adapter            748566-xxx, 748564-xxx

82550       PRO/100 S Dual Port Server Adapter      A56831-xxx

82551       PRO/100 M Desktop Adapter               A80897-xxx

            PRO/100 S Advanced Management Adapter   747842-xxx, 745171-xxx

CNR         PRO/100 VE Desktop Adapter              A10386-xxx, A10725-xxx, 
                                                    A23801-xxx, A19716-xxx

            PRO/100 VM Desktop Adapter              A14323-xxx, A19725-xxx, 
                                                    A23801-xxx, A22220-xxx, 

To verify that your adapter is supported, find the board ID number on the 
adapter. Look for a label that has a barcode and a number in the format 
123456-001 (six digits hyphen three digits). Match this to the list of 
numbers above.

For more information on how to identify your adapter, go to the Adapter & 
Driver ID Guide at:

For the latest Intel PRO/100 network driver for Linux, see:

Building and Installation

To build a binary RPM* package of this driver run 'rpm -tb <filename.tar.gz>'.
Replace <filename.tar.gz> with the specific file name of the driver. 

NOTES: For the build to work properly it is important that the currently
       running kernel MATCH the version and configuration of the installed
       kernel source. If you have just recompiled your kernel reboot the 
       system now.

       If you are building the e100 driver on a fresh install of Red Hat* 
       without recompiling the kernel, the build generates warnings. This 
       is normal and does not affect driver performance. If you have 
       difficulties, remove the non-Intel eepro100 module.

1. Move the base driver tar file to the directory of your choice. For 
   example, use: /home/username/e100 or /usr/local/src/e100.

2. Untar/unzip the archive by entering the following, where <x.x.x> is the 
   version number for the driver tar:

     tar xfz e100-<x.x.x>.tar.gz

3. Change to the driver src directory by entering the following, where 
   <x.x.x> is the version number for the driver tar:

     cd e100-<x.x.x>/src/	

4. Compile the driver module:

     make install

   The binary will be installed as: 
     For Linux 2.2.x systems:


     For Linux 2.4.x systems:


   The install locations listed above are the default locations. They may not 
   be correct for certain Linux distributions. For more information, see the 
   ldistrib.txt file included in the driver tar.

5. Install the module:

     insmod e100 <parameter>=<value>

   NOTE: If you are using Hot Plug, see the "Hot Plug" section below.
6. Assign an IP address to the interface by entering the following, where <x> 
   is interface number:

     ifconfig eth<x> <IP_address>

7. Verify that the interface works. Enter the following, where <IP_address>
   is the IP address for another machine on the same subnet as the interface
   that is being tested:

     ping <IP_address>	

NOTE: In order to see link messages and other Intel driver information on 
      your console, you must set the dmesg level up to six. This can be done 
      by entering the following on the command line: 

        dmesg -n 6

      If you wish to see all messages issued by the driver, including debug 
      messages, set the dmesg level to seven.

Command Line Parameters

The following optional parameters are used by entering them on the command 
line with the modprobe or insmod command. For example, with two Intel PRO/100 
PCI adapters, entering:
     modprobe e100 TxDescriptors=32,128

loads the e100 driver with 32 TX resources for the first adapter and 128 TX 
resources for the second adapter. This configuration favors the second 
adapter. The driver supports up to 16 network adapters concurrently.

NOTE: Giving any command line option the value "-1" causes the driver to use 
      the appropriate default value for that option, as if no value was 

Valid Range: 0x1-0xFFFF
Default Value: 6
   This parameter holds the maximum number of packets in a bundle. Suggested 
   values range from 2 to 10. See "CPU Cycle Saver."

Valid Range: 0-1 (0=off, 1=on)
Default Value: 0
   The value 1 (on) causes small packets (less than 128 bytes) to be bundled. 
   See "CPU Cycle Saver."

Valid Range: 0-4 (1=10half;2=10full;3=100half;4=100full)
Default Value: 0
   The default value of 0 is set to auto-negotiate if the link partner is set
   to auto-negotiate. If the link partner is forced, e100_speed_duplex 
   defaults to half-duplex. 
   Example usage: insmod e100.o e100_speed_duplex=4,4 (for two adapters)

Valid Range: 0-1 (0=off, 1=on)
Default Value: 0
   This parameter controls the automatic generation(Tx) and response(Rx) to 
   Ethernet PAUSE frames. flow_control should NOT be set to 1 when the e100 
   adapter is connected to an interface that does not support Ethernet PAUSE 
   frames and when the e100_speed_duplex parameter is NOT set to zero. 

Valid Range: 0-0xFFFF (0=off)
Default Value: 1536
   This parameter holds the number of time units (in adapter terminology)
   until the adapter generates an interrupt. The recommended value for 
   IntDelay is 0x600 (upon initialization). Suggested values range from 
   0x200h to 0x800. See "CPU Cycle Saver."

Valid Range: 0-1 (0=off, 1=on)
Default Value: 1
  Inter Frame Spacing (IFS) aims to reduce the number of Ethernet frame
  collisions by altering the time between frame transmissions. When IFS is 
  enabled the driver tries to find an optimal IFS value. However, some 
  switches function better when IFS is disabled.

Valid Range: 1-1024 (max number of RxDescriptors)
Default Value: Specified number of RxDescriptors
  This value specifies the maximum number of receive packets that are 
  processed on a single polling call. This parameter is invalid if 
  RxCongestionControl is set to 0.

Valid Range: 0-1 (0=off, 1=on)
Default Value: 1
  1 enables polling mode. When the link is congested, the driver can decide 
  to handle received packets by polling them, instead of waiting until 
  interrupts occur.

Valid Range: 8-1024
Default Value: 64
   This parameter defines the number of receive descriptors allocated by 
   the driver. Increasing this value allows the driver to buffer more 
   incoming packets before the driver is required to service an interrupt. 
   The maximum value for Itanium-based systems is 64.

Valid Range: 19-1024
Default Value: 64
   This value is the number of transmit descriptors allocated by the driver. 
   Increasing this value allows the protocol stack to queue more transmits at
   the driver level. The maximum value for Itanium-based systems is 64.

ucode (not available for 82557-based adapters)
Valid Range: 0-1 (0=off, 1=on)
Default Value: 0 for 82558-based adapters
               1 for 82559(and higher)-based adapters
   On uploads the micro code to the adapter, which enables CPU Cycle Saver. 
   See the section "CPU Cycle Saver" below.
   Example usage: insmod e100.o ucode=0  (does not reduce CPU usage)

Valid Range: 0-1 (0=off, 1=on)
Default Value: 1
   On allows Rx checksum offloading for TCP/UDP packets. Requires that the 
   hardware support this feature.

CPU Cycle Saver

CPU Cycle Saver reduces CPU utilization by reducing the number of interrupts 
that the adapter generates.

When CPU Cycle Saver is turned off, the adapter generates one interrupt for 
every frame that is received. This means that the operating system stops what
it is doing and switches to the network driver in order to process the 

When CPU Cycle Saver is on, the adapter does not generate an interrupt for 
every frame it receives. Instead, it waits until it receives several frames 
before generating an interrupt. This reduces the amount of time spent 
switching to and from the driver. 

CPU Cycle Saver consists of these arguments: IntDelay, BundleMax and 
BundleSmallFr. When IntDelay is increased, the adapter waits longer for 
frames to arrive before generating the interrupt. By increasing BundleMax, 
the network adapter waits for the number of frames specified to arrive before 
generating the interrupt. When BundleSmallFr is disabled, the adapter does 
not bundle packets that are smaller than 128 bytes. Such small packets are 
often, but not always, control packets that are better served immediately.

For most users, it is recommended that CPU Cycle Saver be used with the 
default values specified in the Command Line Parameters section. However, in 
some cases, performance problems may occur with CPU Cycle Saver. If such 
problems are observed, we recommend turning off this feature by setting 

Hot Plug

Hot Plug affects the driver load state. Below are some commands to help
address the issues that might occur.
Disable Hot Plug until reboot:

     echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hotplug/

Disable Hot Plug across reboots:

     rpm -e hotplug

Hot Plug script location:


Stop the network:
     service network stop
     ifconfig eth<x> down
     rmmod e100

Additional Configurations

Configuring a network driver to load properly when the system is started is 
distribution dependent. Typically, the configuration process involves adding 
an alias line to /etc/modules.conf as well as editing other system startup 
scripts and/or configuration files.  Many popular Linux distributions ship 
with tools to make these changes for you. To learn the proper way to 
configure a network device for your system, refer to your distribution 
documentation. If during this process you are asked for the driver or module 
name, the name for the Linux Base Driver for the Intel PRO/100 Family of
Adapters is e100.


NOTE: For distribution-specific information, refer to the ldistrib.txt file
      included in the driver tar.

When trying to compile the driver by running make install, the following
error may occur: 

    "Linux kernel source not configured - missing version.h"

To solve this issue, create the version.h file by going to the Linux source 
tree and entering:

     make include/linux/version.h


For general information, go to the Intel support website at:

If an issue is identified with the released source code on the supported
kernel with a supported adapter, email the specific information related to 
the issue to


This software program is released under the terms of a license agreement 
between you ('Licensee') and Intel. Do not use or load this software or any 
associated materials (collectively, the 'Software') until you have carefully 
read the full terms and conditions of the LICENSE located in this software 
package. By loading or using the Software, you agree to the terms of this 
Agreement. If you do not agree with the terms of this Agreement, do not 
install or use the Software.

* Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others.
Download Driver Pack

How To Update Drivers Manually

After your driver has been downloaded, follow these simple steps to install it.

  • Expand the archive file (if the download file is in zip or rar format).

  • If the expanded file has an .exe extension, double click it and follow the installation instructions.

  • Otherwise, open Device Manager by right-clicking the Start menu and selecting Device Manager.

  • Find the device and model you want to update in the device list.

  • Double-click on it to open the Properties dialog box.

  • From the Properties dialog box, select the Driver tab.

  • Click the Update Driver button, then follow the instructions.

Very important: You must reboot your system to ensure that any driver updates have taken effect.

For more help, visit our Driver Support section for step-by-step videos on how to install drivers for every file type.

server: web5, load: 1.53