** ** ** VIA Rhine Family Fast Ethernet Adapter ** ** Linux Driver ** ** v5.08 Nov. 2006 ** ** Introduction: ============= The instructions listed below are for linux driver installation. You must compile the source code to generate rhinefet.o(rhinefet.ko in 2.6.x kernel, please remember to replace rhinefet.o with rhinefet.ko in the following sentences if you are using 2.6.x kernel) and use insmod command to insert rhinefet.o as module. Contents of the Subdirectory: ============================= linux.txt This file. Makefile Makefile for generating driver object file rhine_maic.c The linux core driver source code file rhine_proc.c The source to create proc entries rhine_wol.c The WOL supporting source file rhine.h The extended driver header file rhine_proc.h The header file for proc entries rhine_wol.h The WOL supporting header file rhine_cfg.h The general and basic info header file kcompat.h The header file for Linux kernel version compatibility. osdep.h OS depended function and macro defined rhine_hw.h Rhine series MAC register supporting header file rhine_hw.c shared function for accessing and configurating Rhine series MAC Kernel Supported ================ This driver supports linux kernel version 2.2.x, 2.4.x and 2.6.x now. For 2.6 kernel, it supported up to 2.6.18 in this version. CPU Supported ============= This driver supports x86 and AMD64 based linux system. Installation ============ Please enter the following commands at the UNIX prompt. Remember, UNIX is case sensitive. 1) Create a temporary directory: mkdir /temp 2) Change to the temporary directory: cd /temp 3) Copy driver (rhinefet.tgz) from DOS disk, (mcopy below is one tool in mtools, if you didn't install mtools, you can type 'mount -t msdos /dev/fd0 /mnt' and use 'cp /mnt/rhinefet.tgz /temp' command to copy the driver to the temporary directory): mcopy a:rhinefet.tgz . 4) untar the archive file: tar xzvf rhinefet.tgz cd src 5) Compile the driver source files and it will generate rhinefet.o, and copy it to correct driver installation path (The installation directory is different in different kernel versions. In 2.4.x/2.6.x kernel, the path is /lib/modules/KERNEL_VERSION/kernel/drivers/net/, and in 2.2.x kernel, the path is /lib/modules/KERNEL_VERSION/net/, the KERNEL_VERSION (see above) means the kernel version of your Linux distribution. If you don't know your kernel version , please run 'uname -r' command in command line. The kernel version will look like '2.2.16', '2.4.2-2smp' etc.) : make install 6) Check configuration file (/etc/modules.conf or /etc/conf.modules or /etc/modprobe.conf, it depends on your Linux distribution) for loading kernel modules. Make sure the first line below is appeared in the configuration file, where # is the interface number (eg: alias eth0 rhinefet). If you need to set the driver options, below second line is an example to set the NIC to 100Mbps fullduplex mode (remember to unmark the line if it is put in the configuration file). alias eth# rhinefet #options eth# speed_duplex=2 7) Reboot now: shutdown -r now 8) Install your driver module (If the driver module is in the wrong place, an error message will appear, and say that can't find the driver module): insmod rhinefet.o 9) Use ifconfig command to assign the IP address, where # is network interface number: ifconfig eth# <IP> 10) Check the interface works: ping <remote_host_IP> Remove intermediate files ========================= Please enter the following command to remove intermediate files generated during the driver compilation: make clean Uninstallation ============== Please enter the following command to uninstall your driver: make uninstall Bind the driver into kernel =========================== In some applications (e.g. embedded OS), driver should be bound into the kernel. The module installation/uninstallation describled in the above sections are not appropriate. Below is the steps for binding driver in kernel 2.4.x as an example: 1) Create a temporary directory: mkdir /temp 2) Change to the temporary directory: cd /temp 3) Copy driver (rhinefet.tgz) from DOS disk, (mcopy below is one tool in mtools, if you didn't install mtools, you can type 'mount -t msdos /dev/fd0 /mnt' and use 'cp /mnt/rhinefet.tgz /temp' command to copy the driver to the temporary directory): mcopy a:rhinefet.tgz . 4) untar the archive file: tar xzvf rhinefet.tgz 5) Change to the kernel source directory: cd /usr/src/<kernel source>/driver/net 6) Create a directory for rhine family adapter driver and change to it: mkdir rhinefet cd rhinefet 7) Copy driver source form temporary directory to it: cp /temp/rhinefet/* . 8) Replace the default Makefile with new Makefile with below 4 line content (the Makefile used for driver binding into kernel is different with the default one). O_TARGET := rhinefet.o obj-y := rhine_main.o rhine_proc.o rhine_wol.o rhine_hw.o obj-m := $(O_TARGET) include $(TOPDIR)/Rules.make 9) Add the rhinefet information to /usr/src/<kernel source>/drivers/net/Makefile: (add the lines with # in the head) ... ... subdir-$(CONFIG_E100) += e100 #subdir-$(CONFIG_RHINEFET) += rhinefet ... ... ifeq ($(CONFIG_E100),y) obj-y += e100/e100.o endif #ifeq ($(CONFIG_RHINEFET),y) # obj-y += rhinefet/rhinefet.o #endif 10) Add the rhinefet information to /usr/src/<kernel source>/drivers/net/Config.in: (add the lines with # in the head) ... ... mainmenu_option next_comment comment 'Ethernet (10 or 100Mbit)' bool 'Ethernet (10 or 100Mbit)' CONFIG_NET_ETHERNET ... ... #dep_tristate ' VIA Rhine Family Fast Ethernet Adapter support' CONFIG_RHINEFET $CONFIG_PCI ... ... endmenu 11) Now, when you use following command, make menuconfig or make xconfig, you will find a new device in 'Network device support'->'Ethernet(10 or 100Mbits)'. Its name is 'VIA Rhine Family Fast Ethernet Adapter support'. Note ==== 1) Make sure the link file /usr/src/linux (or /usr/src/linux-2.4) is linked to correctly kernel sources directory (eg: if you run 'uname -r', it appears "2.4.2-2", then the link file must be linked to /usr/src/linux-2.4.2 directory, or you will fail in compiling), and make sure there are kernel header files in /usr/src/linux/include directory (or /usr/src/linux-2.4/include), we need kernel header files in compling. 2) If you can't install driver in SUSE Linux using insmod or modprobe commands, and error messages appear (see below), please run 'uname -r' in command line. And make sure the result of 'uname -r' (eg: 2.4.2-4GB) is the same with the definition of UTS_RELEASE in /usr/src/linux/include/linux/version.h. If not, please modify the definition of UTS_RELEASE in /usr/src/linux/include/linux/version.h. rhinefet.o: kernel-module version mismatch rhinefet.o was compiled for kernel version 2.4.2 while this kernel is version 2.4.2-4GB. 3) Make sure that your kernel is built with network, fast_ethernet and module support. Otherwise, you have to rebuild your kernel (see below). 1. Go to /usr/src/linux (or /usr/src/linux-2.4) directory: cd /usr/src/linux 2: Run 'make menuconfig' or 'make config' in text mode, or 'make xconfig' in graphic mode. 3: Mark the options list above. 4: Exit and rebuild your kernel: make dep;make clean;make bzImage The file 'bzImage' will be at /usr/src/linux/arch/i386/boot/bzImage 5: Modify /etc/lilo.conf.(this file specifies where kernel image is) 6: Run 'lilo' 7: Reboot, and select the correct kernel image to boot your system. 4) You can use the utility (like netconfig, linuxconf) in your Linux distribution to set your network parameters(like ip,gateway). These parameters will be used at boot time. The following is the demonstration to show how to use linuxconf (it's a utitlity in RedHat Linux 6.x) set the network paramters. 1. Run linuxconf: linuxconf 2. Enter setting in the Config/Networking/Client tasks/Basic host information/ and fill out the following information. Where 'xxx' is the IP address what you have. IP address: xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx Netmask: 255.255.255.xxx Net device: eth0 Kernel module: rhinefet 5) If you can't install driver at boot time. If you can install your driver using insmod command, but you can't install it at boot time, please check whether the driver is in the correct directory (eg: /lib/modules/2.2.XXX/net/), and check the /lib/modules/2.2.XXX/modules.dep file, it must include the following line: /lib/modules/2.2.XXX/net/rhinefet.o: You can insert this line using depmod command or insert it manually. Also, you must consult your Linux distribution installation guide and learn how to set the IP address of your network interface and up it at boot time. 6) If you can't compile this driver, and parse error messages appear, please make sure your source code text format is right. You must convert your source code text format from MS-DOS to UNIX, as show below (see Solution 1 and 2). Make sure the files in floppy disk are not rhinefet.tgz file. They must be the source code text files (5 files), rhinefet.tgz is not a text file , so it can't be converted. Solution1: If you use mcopy command to copy your driver from floppy disk to linux, you can type: mcopy -t a:\* . then it will convert the format for you. Solution2: If you use mount command to mount floppy disk to linux, you can type: mount -t vfat -o conv=t /dev/fd0 /mnt/floppy then, when you copy files from /mnt/floppy, these files format will be right. Module Parameter: ================= The following parameters can be set when we install the driver module. You can add this parameters when you execute 'insmod' or 'modprobe' command to install the driver (as below). insmod rhinefet.o parameter=value1,value2,value3,... For example, if you have 3 NIC cards, and you want to set the speed_duplex paramter value of them. You can type the following command to set it. insmod rhinefet.o speed_duplex=1,2,3 Then, the parameter value of first card will be 1 (100Mbps half duplex mode), the second card will be 2 (100Mbps full duplex mode), and the third card will be 3 (10Mbps half duplex mode). Remember, our driver only support 8 cards parameter setting. 1) speed_duplex speed_duplex is used for setting the speed and duplex mode of NIC. Value: 0: indicate autonegotiation for both speed and duplex mode (Default). 1: indicate 100Mbps half duplex mode 2: indicate 100Mbps full duplex mode 3: indicate 10Mbps half duplex mode 4: indicate 10Mbps full duplex mode 2) RxDescriptors RxDescriptors is used for setting the number of receive descriptors. Value: 64-128 (Default value: 64) 3) TxDescriptors TxDescriptors is used for setting the number of transmit descriptors. Value: 16-128 (Default value: 64) 4) enable_tagging (For management adapter only) enable_tagging is used for enabling VLAN ID setting and enabling priority transmit. Value: 0: disable VID setting and priority transmit (Default). 1: enable VID setting and priority transmit. 5) VID_setting (For management adapter only) VID_setting is used for setting the VLAN ID of NIC. Value: 0: default VID. 1-4094: other VIDs. 6) rxcsum_offload (For management adapter only) rxcsum_offload is used for setting the receive checksum offload ability of NIC. Value: 0: disable 1: enable (default) 7) txcsum_offload (For management adapter only) txcsum_offload is used for setting the transmit checksum offload ability of NIC. Value: 0: disable (default) 1: enable 9) flow_control flow_control is used for setting the flow control ability of NIC. Only option 1(default) set flow control ability according to the auto-negotiation result. Option 2, 3 are the forced flow control mode and they don't see the auto-negotiation result. Value: 1: hardware deafult (Default). Don't change the hardware register value in MII ANAR. 2: disable flow control. 3: enable flow control. 10) IP_byte_align IP_byte_align is used for IP header DWORD byte aligned (For IPVS environment). (In some enviroment, the IP header should be DWORD byte aligned,or the packet will be droped when we receive it. (eg: IPVS)) Value: 0: indicate the IP header won't be DWORD byte aligned (Default). 1: indicate the IP header will be DWORD byte aligned. 11) ValPktLen ValPktLen is used for controlling driver to receive or drop the frame with invalid layer 2 length. Value: 0: Receive frame with invalid layer 2 length. 1: Drop frame with invalid layer 2 length. 12) wol_opts wol_opts is used for controlling wake on lan behavior of NIC. 0: Wake up if recevied a magic packet. (Default) 1: Wake up if link status is on/off. 2: Wake up if recevied an arp packet. 4: Wake up if recevied any unicast packet. Those value can be sumed up to support more than one option.Download Driver Pack
After your driver has been downloaded, follow these simple steps to install it.
Expand the archive file (if the download file is in zip or rar format).
If the expanded file has an .exe extension, double click it and follow the installation instructions.
Otherwise, open Device Manager by right-clicking the Start menu and selecting Device Manager.
Find the device and model you want to update in the device list.
Double-click on it to open the Properties dialog box.
From the Properties dialog box, select the Driver tab.
Click the Update Driver button, then follow the instructions.
Very important: You must reboot your system to ensure that any driver updates have taken effect.
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