README Driver File Contents (

|                      XviD core lib examples                        |

In this directory can find some examples how to use XviD MPEG4 codec 
in your own programs. 

** cactus.pgm.bz2

This a  test sequence of 3 images  with a cactus moving  from right to
left.   It  bzip2-compressed for  size  reason  (half  the size  of  a
ZIP-file). Binaries  of bunzip2  are available for  all major  OSes at  The original  source  of the  cactus
image is unknown...

* xvid_encraw.c

This is a  small example that allows you to encode  YUV streams or PGM
files into a MPEG4 stream. It  can output single files (on per encoded
frame), or one  file for all the enced stream (m4v  format or a simple
container format that we called  mp4u, its description can be found at
the end of this file). This  program also outputs some very basic time

Type "xvid_encraw -help" to have all options' description.

Examples :

  1) bzip2 -dc cactus.pgm.bz2 | ./xvid_encraw -t 1

  This  command decompress  cactus.pgm.bz2 and  pipe the  pgm  file to
  xvid_encraw that  will compress it  to mpeg4 format.  No  mp4 stream
  output is written to disc.

  2) ./xvid_encraw -t 1 -i cactus.pgm -m 1

  Compress cactus.pgm frames into mpeg4  stream, and then writes a m4v
  file per encoded frame.

  3) ./xvid_encraw -t 1 -i cactus.pgm -m 1 -o my_xvid_example.m4v

  Same thing as above but saves all raw m4v data to a unique file.

  4) ./xvid_encraw -t 1 -i cactus.pgm -m 1 -mt 1 -o my_xvid_example.mp4u

  Same as  above but  encapsulates the m4v  stream into the  mp4u file

** xvid_decraw.c

This  is a  decoder  example that  is able  to  decode a  m4v or  mp4u
stream. You can use it to decode what xvid_encraw encoded.

Type "xvid_decraw -help" to have all options' description.

Examples :

  1) ./xvid_decraw -w 352 -h 240 -t 1 -i stream.mp4u -d 1

  This command decodes a mp4u  file (-t 1 option) from stream.mp4u and
  writes all decoded frames to single PGM files (framexxxxx.pgm).

  2) cat stream.m4v | ./xvid_decraw -w 352 -h 240

  This  one reads  a m4v  file from  standard input  and  outputs just
  decoding statistics.

  NB :-w and -h parameters  are mandatory  as  XviD  lacks a "discover
      width and height" from m4v stream. This feature will be added at
      a later time, so for now we must use these options.

* xvid_stat.c

This  last example  is a  kind of  xvid_dec/encraw merged  program, it
encodes  PGM or  YUV  files and  decode  the resulting  mp4 stream  to
measure both encoding and decoded times as well as PSNR.

Type "xvid_stat -help" to have all options' description.


  1) ./xvid_stat < cactus.pgm

  This calls xvid_stat with standard  parameters for the 3 frames from
  the cactus file from examples directory.

  Output should look similar to this: 

  Frame     0: intra 1, enctime =   4.7 ms length=  12470 bytes dectime =   4.2 ms PSNR 39.93
  Frame     1: intra 0, enctime =   6.9 ms length=   1369 bytes dectime =   1.8 ms PSNR 40.40
  Frame     2: intra 0, enctime =   6.6 ms length=   3354 bytes dectime =   2.3 ms PSNR 42.03
  Avg. Q6 br 0900 (0.43 bpp) size   5731 (1146 kbps / 0.54 bpp) enc:  164.7 fps, dec:  362.0 fps
  PSNR P(2): 41.22 ( 40.40 , 42.03 ; 0.4698 ) I(1): 39.93 ( 39.93 , 39.93 ; 0.0000 )

  The lines in detail: 

  For every input frame one line is printed containing the data:

  Frame   the frame number, starting with 0

  intra   if the frame was encoded as I-frame (1) or P-frame (0), when
          B-frames  are  supported,  they   will  get  a  value  of  2
          here. enctime time for  encoding this frame, in milliseconds
          (1/1000th of a second)

  length  length of the MPEG-4 bitstream generated from this frame (in

  dectime time for decoding 

  PSNR     picture signal  to noice  ratio (a measurement  of quality,
           higher is better)

  Then in  the end, two status  lines are printed, these  can be used,
  e.g. for automatic quality tests:

  Avg.      indicated that we are now talking about average values

  Q6        quality parameter  that was used  (so here it  was quality
            level 6)

  br 0900   bitrate mode was used with  a bitrate of 900kbps the other
            possibility is "q" instead of "br", see another example.

  size 5731 average size of an encoded frame

  1146 kbps "real" bitrate  that was achieved, it may  differ from the
            bitrate given to the codec as a parameter, because this is
            real life

  0.54 bpp  number  of bit  per pixel  for the  encoding,  useful when
            comparing videos of different size

  enc: 164.7 fps   speed of encoding in frames per second

  dec: 362.0 fps   speed of decoding in frames per second

  2) ./xvid_stat -q 6 -b 900 -f 25  -i cactus.pgm 

  This does  exactly the  same as above,  but parameters  are provided
  instead of using default value. Output should be the same as in last
  example.   Note that first  and second  parameter are  0, indicating
  that a PGM  file should be read (which has a  header that includes X
  and Y dimensions).

  3) ./xvid_stat -t 1 -q 1 -quant 8  -i cactus.pgm 


  Frame     0: intra 1, enctime =   4.1 ms length=   8420 bytes dectime =   3.4 ms PSNR 36.36
  Frame     1: intra 0, enctime =   3.0 ms length=    659 bytes dectime =   1.5 ms PSNR 36.36
  Frame     2: intra 0, enctime =   2.7 ms length=    595 bytes dectime =   1.5 ms PSNR 36.43
  Avg. Q1  q 0008 (0.00 bpp) size   3224 ( 644 kbps / 0.31 bpp)enc:  304.3 fps, dec:  467.1 fps
  PSNR P(2): 36.40 ( 36.36 , 36.43 ; 0.0210 ) I(1): 36.36 ( 36.36 , 36.36 ; 0.0000 )

  This  time,  quality  1 is  used,  so  output  values are  a  little
  different. Since the  fourth parameter (here 8) is  smaller than 32,
  it is not  considered as a bitrate value, but  as a fixed quantizer.
  So in the "Avg." line there is a :

  q 0008   meaning "fixed quantizer mode" with quantizer 8. 

  4) ./xvid_stat -w 176 -h 144 -q 5 -b 112 -i foreman.qcif  

  This switches  xvid_stat to  RAW instead of  PGM mode. The  input is
  expected  to  be images  of  dimensions  176*144  in raw  YUV  4:2:0
  format. (So every  image is exactly 38016 = 176*144  + 88*72 + 88*72
  bytes in  size).  Some  reference streams are  in this  format. Note
  that  you  MUST give  correct  dimensions,  because  they cannot  be
  detected from the  YUV material.  Apart from this,  the example uses
  quality 5  and a bitrate of 112  kbps with video speed  of 30 frames
  per second (this is not encoding or decoding speed, but the speed at
  which the video  would be played.  This value  is only important for

** MP4U Format

  - Header :

    |  M  |  P  |  4  |  U  |

  - Encoded frame

    +------+----------------------- ... --+
    | size |  ... Frame data ...          |
    +------+----------------------- ... --+
    |4bytes|     'size' bytes             |
    +------+----------------------- ... --+

      + size is written in big endian format
      + frame data is m4v raw data generated by XviD core.

  - File format

    Header + x*Encoded frame
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